Elections and voting are American rights under our U.S. Constitution. The 12th Amendment provides the procedure for the national election of the U.S. President and Vice-President, replacing the process in Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 which outlined the original function of the Electoral Colleges. The 2010 decennial census altered the States' weight within the Electoral College through reapportionment which determines how many places or "seats" each state receives based on how their population. As a state's population grows, it gets more "seats' within the Electoral College, thus more votes. If the population declines, the states lose votes.
Here are a some articles to help bring perspective on why Americans vote the way they do. Remember, these are opinion pieces, not necessarily research articles.
ASCWU and CWU Libraries hosted a virtual forum on National Voter Registration Day to discuss some of the challenges and issues related to voter registration and elections this year due to the pandemic and the online environment. Watch or listen to this forum.