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GEOL 108 - Earth and Energy Resources

This guide is intended to provide quick links to authoritative resources specific to the Water Resources Assignment

Geological Society of America Style Format

GSA Reference Guidelines and Examples

Citation Machine GSA style format [NOTE: when using electronic citation generators, be sure to go back to the style format (in this case the GSA reference guidelines and examples above) to confirm the citation is in the correct format.]

Purdue University Online Writing Lab

The Online Writing Lab at Purdue University is a highly respected source of citation and formatting information used by librarian's nationwide. You can access several different style formats at the OWL website, as well as view examples of research papers, reference pages, and annotated bibliographies.

What is Plagiarism?

Checklist for Avoiding Plagiarism

Checklist for Avoiding Plagiarism:

Are you using:

 Your own independent material
 Common knowledge
 Someone else's own independent material

You must acknowledge someone else's material.


 Do all quotations exactly match their sources? Check!
 Have you inserted quotation marks around quotations that are run into your text?
 Have you shown omissions with ellipsis marks and additions with brackets?
 Does every quotation have a source citation?

Paraphrases and Summaries:

 Have you used your own words and sentence structures for every paraphrase and summary? If not, use quotation 
 marks around the original author’s words.

 Does every paraphrase and summary have a source citation?

The Web:

 Have you obtained any necessary permission to use someone else’s material on your Web site?

Source Citations:

 Have you acknowledged every use of someone else’s material in the
 place where you use it?
 Does your list of works cited include all the sources you have used?

Checklist Reference: Fowler, Ramsey H. and Jane I. Aaron. The Little, Brown Handbook. 12th Edition. New York:
Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.