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Holocaust and Genocide Studies

A guide to resources on the Holocaust and other instances of genocide

Overview

The destruction of indigenous peoples and their cultures throughout the world, especially in the Americas, as a result of European colonialism (c. 1493-present) has often been characterized as genocide. A large percentage of the deaths caused among Native American populations by Europeans resulted from the introduction of Old World (Eastern Hemisphere) diseases, such as measles and smallpox, against which the Native Americans had no inherited immunity. Many other deaths and much suffering have been caused by forced relocation policies (e.g., the Trail of Tears), massacres (e.g., Sand Creek, Wounded Knee), destruction of traditional food sources, and coercive cultural assimilation.

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