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Chicago Manual of Style

There are two types of Chicago-style source citations: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date. Check with your teacher to make sure you are using the correct style.

You may also hear it called Chicago-Turabian or simply Turabian style citations. This is after Kate Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations which is Chicago style and writing tips for students and others writing in an academic setting.

Your teacher may have slightly different formatting and citation standards than these resources. Always use your teacher's specifications.

Basic Format

General Format

Footnote or endnote (N):

1. First name Last name, Title of Work (Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication), page number.


Corresponding bibliographical entry (B):

Last name, First name. Title of Work. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.

Music Example

The general format of Author. Work. Publisher, Year. holds true to music resources. Here is an example of a Beethoven score:
(N) Ludwig Van Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 (New York: Dover, 1989).
(B) Beethoven, Ludwig Van. Symphony No. 5. New York: Dover, 1989.
When you are referring to a section of a larger work like a book chapter or a movement, place the section in "quotations" and the larger work in italics.
(N) Ludwig Van Beethoven, "I. Allegro con brio" in Symphony No. 5 (New York: Dover, 1989), 4-5.
(B) Beethoven, Ludwig Van. "I. Allegro con brio" In Symphony No. 5. New York: Dover, 1989.