Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
CWU Libraries logo
Ask a Librarian chat image Ask the Libraries
Home

The Legislative Process

This guide provides information about the many resources available on the American legislative branch, the United States Congress and its members.

U.S. Budget Appropriations

 

The annual U.S. Budget appropriations cycle begins when the President of the United States presents his budget, usually on or before the first Monday in February.  It is important to note the fiscal year for the United States begins on October 1st and ends September 30th, different from most states and other organizations.  Each executive agency submits justification materials to their respective appropriations subcommittees in Congress.

U.S. House Subcommittees: 

1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies

2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies

3. Defense

4. Energy & Water Development, and Related Agencies

5. Financial Services and General Government

6. Homeland Security

7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies

8. Labor, Health & Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies

9. Legislative Branch

10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies

11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies

12. Transportation, and Housing & Urban Development, and Related Agencies

U.S. Senate Subcommittees: 

1. Agriculture, Rural Development, Food & Drug Administration, and Related Agencies

2. Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies

3. Defense

4. Energy & Water Development 

5. Financial Services and General Government

6. Homeland Security

7. Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies

8. Labor, Health & Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies

9. Legislative Branch

10. Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies

11. State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies

12. Transportation, Housing & Urban Development, and Related Agencies

Congress considers the President's budget through a concurrent resolution.Committee allocations are usually provided in a joint explanatory statement included in the conference report to the budget resolution.  The entire process usually ends by the August recess just prior to the fiscal year end of September 30th.   Explanation of the Appropriations process, the Congressional Research Service wrote several reports related to the cycle.  Some are:

The Congressional Appropriations Process: An Introduction, 2016

Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920 to 2019

Defense Primer: Defense Appropriations Process, 2019

Congressional Oversight and Investigations, 2014

Overview of the Authorization-Appropriations Process, 2012